American Express Co. has to spend more on its credit-card rewards program if the lender wants to remain competitive with Visa Inc. and MasterCard Inc. products, according to Nomura Holdings Inc.
Visa and MasterCard issuers JPMorgan Chase & Co. and Capital One Financial Corp. have the highest-value rewards cards, while Amex offers the lowest, Nomura analysts led by Bill Carcache said today in a note to clients. Amex's customer service and iconic brand allow the company to retain the perception of offering the best perks, though that advantage may not last, they said.
"It's just a matter of time before AXP is forced to take its rewards expense higher, particularly in an Internet era in which transparency is rising as savvy consumers gain increased visibility into the value of their rewards and are intolerant of subpar economics," the analysts said, referring to the New York-based company by its stock ticker.
Competition is heating up as rival issuers sweeten rewards and fight for retail partnerships. Amex, long the envy of the industry for its wealthy clientele, said in February it was ending its partnership next year with Costco Wholesale Corp., and was also splitting with JetBlue Airways Corp.
Amex and Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide Inc. announced new perks for their co-brand card this week, and Amex boosted rewards for its premier gold cards, including double points for spending at U.S. restaurants. The lender increased its rewards spending 7.3 percent to $6.93 billion in 2014 from a year earlier.
"With credit benign and loan growth accelerating, we believe we're still in the early stages of the rewards war and expect competition to continue to intensify before it abates," according to Nomura, which reviewed 23 credit cards from six issuers in its analysis.
Amex didn't immediately respond to calls and e-mails seeking comment on the Nomura report.
Several high-value rewards cards have hit the U.S. market recently, including the Discover it Miles, Citi Double Cash and Amex EveryDay cards, the analysts said. Collectively, the value of rewards on those cards is 25 percent to 80 percent higher than the average rewards these issuers were offering previously.
"Contrary to popular opinion, we don't believe issuers are necessarily losing money on the rewards-rich products that are coming to market," Nomura said. "They're just keeping less of the upside from credit-card spending."