Coronavirus-driven shift to digital remittances a boon for fintechs
The growth in remittance providers' digital customer sign-ups accelerated as the U.S. went into a nationwide lockdown in the middle of March, and has continued through the summer despite store reopenings that could pull customers back to their old habits of paying in person.
The fintech startup Remitly has been able to grow quickly over the last few years, fueled by over $420 million in venture capital funds and aggressive international expansion in a heated bid to battle with TransferWise and Xoom (a PayPal unit). TransferWise also added money transfer functionality with the Chinese app Alipay in March and Square’s Cash App in February. Meanwhile PayPal added 7.4 million net new accounts in April across all of its money transfer franchises — Xoom, Venmo and PayPal — with the expectation to add 15 to 20 million net new active accounts for the entire quarter.
Clearly, COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated a shift to digital remittances market-wide.
“The pandemic has dislodged the payment habits of remittance customers,” said Matt Oppenheimer, co-founder and CEO of Remitly. “People forget that 70% of remittances originate in physical locations. In our customer segment, trust is paramount. Unless the customer trusts the [remittance] service you can’t even talk about faster speed or better price. Getting over that trust hurdle is huge and it takes time. However, as many agents have closed locations or reduced store capacities and handling cash is now perceived as being unsafe and inconvenient, it’s a different situation.”
It should be noted that Western Union and MoneyGram have the largest physical store agent footprints and the most to lose in a ‘physical-to-digital’ conversion. Additionally, agents vary in type and size ranging from small check cashers and liquor stores to larger convenience stores and bakeries. This means many agents have been forced to close or reduce store capacities during the pandemic, but also that many remittance locations have remained open if they are situated within essential businesses such as grocery stores.
And a loss of in-person remittances isn't necessarily a gain for Remitly and other fintechs. Western Union and MoneyGram both have digital offerings — and certain customer bases, such as cruise ship workers, have been unable to send money digitally or in person because they've simply stopped earning it.
But even with these issues taken into account, the shift to digital remittances has clearly accelerated. In the case of Remilty, the number of new customer sign-ups it added in May was triple the same number seen a year earlier.
“COVID-19 has compressed five years of remittance cash declines into five months for Western Union and MoneyGram as consumers go digital,” said Richard Crone, principal at Crone Consulting LLC. “What you are seeing is that Remitly is drafting behind the rising tide of electronic payments. If there’s a question that this shift could be temporary, it’s important to remember that it only takes 66 days to change any habitual behavior and I think we’ve reached that point.”
Western Union reported in its first-quarter earnings and a subsequent press release on June 2 dramatic declines in overall consumer-to-consumer (C2C) transactions that started in the second half of March, followed by further declines in April and May. While its digital money transfer transactions grew by 77% in April and 99% in May year-over-year, the digital segment represented only 16% of its total C2C revenue at the end of the first quarter.
Similarly, MoneyGram reported that digital represented 18% of all transactions at the end of the first quarter and that it accelerated to 28% in April. Yet between March 15 and March 31, MoneyGram walk-in transactions fell by 29% compared with the same time last year.
“If you look at remittance, March is where you saw the abrupt shift,” added Oppenheimer. “It’s also where the trust with an existing provider was shaken and the virus has forced remittances to go digital much faster.”
The shift to digital was not unexpected, even before the pandemic began. MoneyGram embarked on a digital transformation about three years ago, shifting from a transaction-focused strategy to one that was more focused on the end users. This meant designing services for consumers rather than for distributors such as Walmart and Canada Post.
Western Union in late 2019 hired Amazon to provide long-term cloud services, with the goal of growing its online footprint. Western Union has also partnered with Visa to speed payment processing for mobile transactions and collaborated with blockchain initiatives to expand its reach in emerging markets.
Reports emerged in June that Western Union is trying to buy MoneyGram, a move that is seen largely as a response to the rapid shift to digital payments.
Remitly is focused on growth by targeting the 250 million immigrants that work around the globe sending money back home to their friends and family. The company reported that it serves 3 million customers around the globe in nearly 20 send and over 50 receive markets.
One recent example of product development targeting this consumer segment was its launch in May of a cash deposit service for its digital bank account holders, Passbook, on the Green Dot retailer network. The Passbook Visa debit card is a contactless card issued by Sunrise Banks N.A.
“The wind is roaring at the backs of companies such as Remitly, which is why we invested in them very early on,” said Nigel Morris, managing partner and co-founder of QED Investors. “As an investor we look for people who can transform what is being done in analog fashion, such as remittances at Western Union, and can do it digitally.”
QED Investors first participated in Remitly’s Series A round, which closed in January 2014, and then again in its Series B round, according to Crunchbase, a website that tracks investments in private companies. Other investors include Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos’ private venture fund, Bezos Expeditions, as well as large firms such as Goldman Sachs, Silicon Valley Bank, Barclays and Prudential Financial.