Card-skimming attacks on ATMs remain a significant threat for most European countries, according to an ATM crime update from The European ATM Security Team.

Fraudsters more often are using popular skimming techniques, such as an all-in-one skimming device placed over the ATM card-entry slot to read the information off the card’s magnetic stripe. The device uses a miniature camera to capture PINs entered on the ATM’s PIN pad.

Card-entry slot skimmers also are becoming more popular with fraudsters, and the devices are difficult to spot and remove, according to the report.

The 17 countries involved in the update report the majority of skimming losses are occurring outside EMV countries or in areas where the ATM EMV rollout has not been completed. EMV is the chip-and-PIN fraud-prevention standard for smart cards.

The organization estimates 366,707 ATMs in Europe were compliant with the EMV standard as of Dec. 31. That figure represents 94% of the overall European total of 391,175 machines.

Criminal groups in Bulgaria and Romania continue to create havoc in several countries, the report says. Bulgarian groups continue to be the most disruptive. The report highlighted a criminal ring that was shut down in Romania (see story).

Skimming attacks at gas station pay-at-the-pump terminals occurred in five countries and appear to be increasing, according to the report. One country is in the process of rolling out antiskimming devices at those terminals, the report says.

The report did not identify which countries reported specific crimes.

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