From the outset, it was clear that Amazon wanted to do more with Prime Day than just boost sales; its release of new voice-controlled products and its purchase of Whole Foods signaled a desire to drastically change the way consumers shop and pay for goods.

Less than 24 hours after Prime Day, it's clear this strategy is working.

Amazon wants you to marvel at its broad sales figures — a 60% increase compared to the same 30 hours in 2016, and purchase volume that was 50% higher than in 2016 — but the details should be far more alarming to traditional retailers.

Amazon's Echo Dot
An attendee holds an Echo Dot during the U.K. launch event for the Amazon Echo voice-controlled home assistant speaker in 2016. Bloomberg News

Connecting the Dots

Prime members’ most popular purchase was the Echo Dot, a smaller and significantly cheaper version of the company's high-end Echo speaker that focuses less on music and more on its voice-controlled features such as home automation and shopping. Echo Dot was not only the best-selling Amazon device this Prime Day, but also the best-selling product from any manufacturer in any category across Amazon globally.

At just $35 per device during the Prime Day event, the Echo Dot dipped into impulse purchase territory while sitting atop the company's main deals page. Prime members purchased seven times more Amazon Echo devices globally than on Prime Day 2016, which is shortly after the Echo Dot debuted at nearly three times the price.

According to research from Walker Sands conducted in March 2017 and released today, 16% of U.S. consumers own an Amazon Echo and of these, 19% have made a voice purchase through this or another digital home assistant. And with Amazon boasting that this year's Prime Day won it more new members of its $99-a-year Prime service, a lot more consumers are now locked into Amazon's ecosystem for the next 12 months.

Food for thought

If this year's Prime Day focused on voice-controlled commerce via Echo devices, next year's will likely focus on Amazon's developing grocery business.

Despite the seismic news of Amazon’s purchase of Whole Foods and some active promotion of its grocery delivery business connected to Prime Day, the company boasted little of grocery sales following the one-day event. It was able to deliver some products within 12 minutes via Prime Now, but these ranged from snacks to writeable DVDs, with no clear focus on category.

Presumably Amazon's grocery service, PrimeFresh, is still too new to have the same wide appeal as Amazon's other services. This is likely to change fast, as Amazon integrates Whole Foods and improves its ability to deliver perishables by carrier or in one of its inventive AmazonFresh Pickup or Amazon Go retail store concepts.

Appy campers

Efforts to enroll and educate users how to get the most out of Prime Day in the app also appeared to have paid off, as customer orders via the Amazon app more than doubled compared to last year. Amazon went to great lengths in incentivizing users to not just be aware of Amazon Prime Day in the app, but to actively learn how to use app via online videos that had to be watched in order to participate in daily promotional competitions.

Amazon is coy with specific metrics, but it is estimated that there are somewhere in the region of 80 to 100 million Amazon Prime members and rising. In July, 2016, Consumer Intelligence Research Partners estimated that this represented more than half of Amazon customers. With now a recurring 60% growth rate year on year, Prime Day is becoming something of a retail juggernaut for the e-tailer and developing its own cadence.

Retailer response

Amazon may have won significant ground by locking more customers into its emerging sales channels, but its rivals are aren't going to let this go unchallenged.

FreshDirect and ShopRite are early adopters of Groceries by Mastercard, a system built into Samsung's Family Hub refrigerator. Walmart and Target are testing new models for grocery sales that focus on delivery or unattended kiosks.

Other companies are looking to follow Amazon's example of building entirely new sales channels, such as American Express' work with chatbots or Jaguar's pact with Shell to sell gas through an interface in a car's dashboard.

All of these models have a chance to strike at Amazon's weaknesses, but they must act fast. With Prime's standard two-day delivery, all of those new Echo Dots will be arriving at consumers' homes very soon.

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Nick Holland

Nick Holland

Nick Holland is a senior analyst at PaymentsSource. He has previously held analyst roles at Javelin Strategy & Research, Yankee Group and Aite Group.