PokerStars, Full Tilt Poker and Absolute Poker agreed to settle allegations that they used prepaid cards to launder money.
The settlement agreement is worth at least $731 million, U.S. prosecutors said.
Prosecutors alleged that the owners of the online poker companies tricked U.S. banks into processing gambling payments by using prepaid debit cards and electronic checks as well as by establishing fake online businesses, according to a complaint filed in the civil forfeiture case.
Full Tilt further defrauded players by misrepresenting that funds on deposit with the site were secure, prosecutors alleged. Instead, the site's owners took distributions of more than $400 million, leaving little money in accounts for players, who were owed as much as $390 million, prosecutors said.
"Full Tilt and Poker Stars had the interests of the players and the future of online poker at heart — we knew that getting the players paid had to be a part of this transaction," Jeff Ifrah, a lawyer for Full Tilt, said in a statement, referring to the settlement deal.
PokerStars, which didn't admit to any wrongdoing under the settlement, will be permitted to continue doing business as long as it adheres to U.S. law, according to a statement from the company. It said it plans to reopen Full Tilt under new management.
"We are delighted to be able to put this matter behind us, and also secure our ability to operate in the United States of America whenever the regulations allow," PokerStars Chairman Mark Scheinberg said in a statement.
The three online poker companies illegally circumvented a 2006 law that bars banks from processing payments to offshore gambling websites, said prosecutors in the office of U.S. Attorney Preet Bharara in Manhattan. At least 11 defendants have been criminally charged in connection with the allegations.
The settlements "demonstrate that if you engage in conduct that violates the laws of the U.S., as we alleged in this case, then even if you are doing so from across the ocean, you will have to answer for that conduct and turn over your ill- gotten gains," Bharara said in a statement.
The agreement with PokerStars and Full Tilt was approved July 31 by U.S. District Judge Leonard B. Sand in New York. Full Tilt agreed to forfeit virtually all its assets, according to the statement. PokerStars agreed to forfeit $547 million to the U.S. and pay $184 million owed to foreign players by Full Tilt.
PokerStars will acquire the assets of Full Tilt, whose U.S. victims will be able to seek compensation from the Justice Department from the $547 million, prosecutors said.
The agreement for Absolute Poker doesn't specify an amount. Prosecutors asked the judge to approve a deal requiring the company to forfeit all its assets, including money held in accounts, hardware and intellectual property.
The case is U.S. v. Pokerstars, 11-cv-02564, U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York (Manhattan).